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Diseases of the optic nerve and the optical path

The Eye Microsurgery MNTK is one of few Russian centers that provide comprehensive neuro-ophthalmologic treatment to patients with all type of diseases of the optic nerve and the optical path. The department provides outpatient and inpatient care of patients with inflammatory, dystrophic and vascular eye diseases.

Doctors use cutting-edge diagnostic and therapeutic equipment, including the one which is unique for out country. The experience of treating patients with optic nerve pathologies is more than 30 years, the treatment efficiency is consistent with the level of the best world centers.

Annually, the department carries out more than 2000 sessions of conservative and physiotherapeutic treatment for pathologies of the eye and the visual system. It applies the full range of modern medicines and treatment methods used in the world practice. This helps to implement various combined methods of conservative and physiotherapeutic treatment and, therefore, to treat the most complicated and diverse eye pathology.

Using the methods generally accepted in the world practice and developed by us, we provide care for patients with the following diseases:

Neuro-ophthalmologic patients

  • Partial atrophy of the optic nerve, including that of unclear etiology.
  • Damage of the optic nerve and the optical path at brain injuries.
  • Damage of the optic nerve and the optical path caused by a neuroinfection, including basal, optochiasmatic arachnoiditis.
  • Neuritis and atrophy of the optic nerve in demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system, including multiple sclerosis, disseminated encephalomyelitis.

    Damage of the optic nerve and the optical path at encephalopathies (hypoxic, toxic ones).

    Damage of the optic nerve and the optical path after surgeries (craniotomy) due to traumas, tumors, subdural hematomas.

    Damage of the optic nerve and the optical path at vascular disorders (dyscirculatory encephalopathy, hypertension, chronic cerebro-vascular insufficiency of various genesis, condition after acute cerebral circulation disorders).

    Damage of the optic nerve caused by eye diseases (glaucoma, trauma, ischemic optic neuropathy).

Patients with inflammatory processes

  • Iridocyclitis, uveitis, chalazion, phlegmon, keratitis, dacryocystitis.
  • Injury consequences.
  • Postoperative changes (scars, chronic inflammatory processes).

Patients with concomitant pathology

  • Manifestations of common diseases (some endocrine diseases, hypertension, atherosclerosis, chronic cerebral ischemia).

Indications for physiotherapy are determined individually. Treatment with physical methods promotes faster recovery.

The required treatment course is prescribed after consultation with a physiotherapist and is conducted in a specialized room fitted with modern physiotherapeutic equipment under supervision of qualified medical staff.

In case of blood diseases, epilepsy (with frequent seizures), hysteria or psychoses, malignant tumors, various heart rhythm disorders (ciliary arrhythmia, extrasystole), cardiovascular system diseases in the stage of decompensation, stage III hypertension, infectious diseases in acute stage, individual intolerance of procedures, or if you have a pacemaker, physiotherapy treatment is contraindicated.

Available treatment methods:

  • Electric therapy (galvanization, electrophoresis, interference therapy, sinusoidal modulated current, diadynamic therapy, electrostimulating currents, amplipulse, ultratone therapy). Magnetotherapy, including magnetophoresis.
  • Light therapy, laser treatment
  • Inflammatory diseases (conjunctivitis, keratitis, uveitis, chorioretinitis, etc.) of infectious or allergic genesis are treated with new medications. To get better treatment outcomes for patients with retinal pathologies and optic nerve disorders, the methods of electro-magnetic-light stimulation, electrophoresis and medication magnetophoresis are being improved. The required and optimal combination of the used types of stimulations and medication therapy for various eyeball pathologies has been defined. A complex of combined stimulation and intensive therapy is used in the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with eye diseases.

It has been shown that physiotherapy helps restore blood circulation, reduce inflammation and, consequently, improve vision. You can undergo the treatment both in the in-patient and out-patient departments.

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